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बुग्यालों की मदर टेरेसा

रूपा देवी न तो कोई वैज्ञानिक हैं और न ही पर्यावरणविद्। लेकिन दुनिया को स्पष्ट संदेश दे रही हैं कि पर्यावरण के लिए बुग्यालों का बचा रहना जरूरी है। इसके लिए वे पिछले पंद्रह वर्षों से मुहिम चलाए हुए हैं। यही वजह है कि लोग उन्हें ‘बुग्यालों की मदर टेरेसा’ कहते हैं

हर साल सीमांत जनपद चमोली में मां नंदा की वार्षिक लोकजात का आयोजन होता है। 12 बरसों में आयोजित होने वाली नंदा देवी राजजात की तुलना में इस लोकजात का महत्व कम नहीं है। इसमें जनपद चमोली के 7 विकासखंडों और अलकनंदा, मंदाकिनी, पिंडर घाटी के 803 गांवों की भागीदारी होती है। लोकजात में बंड भूमियाल की छंतोली दशोली की डोली राजराजेश्वरी की डोली कुरूड से चलकर बेदनी बुग्याल पहुंचती हैं। यहां तर्पण-पूजा के बाद लोकजात सम्पन्न होती है। इस साल नंदा की वार्षिक लोकजात 31 अगस्त से शुरू हुई और 16 सितंबर को हिमालय के बुग्यालों में पूजा-अर्चना कर संपन्न हो गई।

हिमालयी बुग्यालों की ‘मदर टेरेसा’ कहा जाता है, पिछले नंदा की लोकजात जिन बुग्यालों में संपन्न होती है, उनको बचाने की चिंता भी स्थानीय स्तर पर होती रही है। रूपा देवी नामक एक महिला जिसे कि 15 सालों से बुग्याल बचाओ मुहिम में शिद्दत से जुटी हैं। ठेठ पहाड़ी लोक संस्कृति को चरितार्थ करती हुई वेशभूषा, पहाड़ जैसा बुलंद हौसला, चेहरे पर चमक और बुग्यालों को बचाने की जिद लिए कुलिंग गांव, देवाल ब्लॉक की 65 वर्षीय रूपा देवी हिमालय के बुग्यालो को बचाने की मुहिम विगत 15 बरसों से चला रही है। रूपा देवी न तो कोई पर्यावरणविद् है ना ही कोई वैज्ञानिक, ना कोई अफसर और न ही कोई राजनेता। दुनिया की चमक-धमक से कोसों दूर बस बुग्यालां को लेकर चिंतित। बुग्यालों को बचाने की उनकी अपनी परिभाषा है जो उन्होंने पहाड़ और अपने जीवन संघर्षों से सीखा। लोग उन्हें बुग्यालां की मदर टेरेसा कहकर बुलाते हैं क्योंकि जिस तरह मदर टेरेसा दीन दुखियों, मरीजों की निःस्वार्थ सेवा करती थी ठीक उसी तरह रूपा देवी भी बुग्यालां की निःस्वार्थ सेवा करती आ रही है। रूपा देवी हर साल नंदा देवी लोकजात यात्रा में वेदनी बुग्याल में आयोजित रूपकुंड महोत्सव में लोगों को बुग्यालों और हिमालय को बचाने का संदेश देती है। यही नहीं वो इस दौरान अन्य महिलाओं के संग बुग्यालो में सैलानियों और घोड़े खच्चरों की आवाजाही से जो गड्डे हो जाते हैं उन्हें मिट्टी से भरती हैं। वेदनी बुग्याल की सुंदरता को संवारती हैं।


रूपा देवी बताती हैं कि बुग्यालों में जगह- जगह भूःक्षरण होने से हमारे बुग्याल धीरे- धीरे सिकुडते जा रहे हैं। बुग्यालों का अत्यधिक दोहन हो रहा है। जिसकी वजह से बुग्यालों में मौजूद झील, कुंड, ताल सूखते जा रहें हैं। अत्यधिक मानवीय हस्तक्षेप और आवाजाही से बुग्यालो में पर्यावरण असंतुलन पैदा हो गया है। फलस्वरूप हर साल हिमालयी परिक्षेत्र में बर्फवारी कम होती जा रही है। बुग्यालों में जगह-जगह बेतरतीब कूड़ा-कचरा फैलाया जा रहा है। बुग्यालों को शहर बनाया जा रहा है। यदि ऐसा ही रहा तो आने वाले 10 सालों में ही हम वेदनी बुग्याल और आली बुग्याल सहित अन्य हिमालयी बुग्यालां को सदा के लिए खो देंगे। हमें बुग्यालां के संरक्षण की दिशा में ठोस पहल करनी होगी। इसके लिए सभी लोगों को आगे आना होगा।

हिमालयी बुग्यालां में रात्रि विश्राम को लेकर आली, वेदनी, बगजी समिति की याचिका पर माननीय हाइकोर्ट ने बुग्यालों में रात्रि विश्राम के लिए टेंटों पर रोक लगाने के सवाल पर रूपा देवी कहती हैं कि हिमालय के बुग्यालों की सुंदरता का हर कोई मुरीद है जिस कारण हर कोई यहां आना चाहता है। हम भी ट्रैकिंग के पक्षधर हैं। लेकिन नियंत्रित ट्रैकिग हो। बुग्यालों में टैंट लगाकर रात्रि विश्राम पर पाबंदी सही फैसला है, क्योंकि टैंट लगाने के लिए पूरे बुग्यालो में जगह जगह गड्डे करके बुग्याल को छलनी किया जा रहा है जिससे उन जगहों पर उगने वाली बहुमूल्य वनस्पति भी विलुप्त होती जा रही है। इसके अलावा चारागाह के नाम पर हर साल बुग्यालों में हजारों की तादाद में मवेशियों को भी लाया जा रहा है जिससे बुग्यालो को नुकसान हो रहा है। इसलिए बुग्यालों में नियंत्रित मानवीय हस्तक्षेप के अलावा सबकुछ प्रतिबंधित होना चाहिए।

रूपा देवी कहती हैं कि जब ये बुग्याल ही नहीं रहेंगे तो हमें शुद्ध हवा कहां से मिलेगी और पानी कहां से पीयेंगे। हरियाली नहीं होगी तो जीवन का अस्तित्व भी समाप्त हो जायेगा। सरकारों से लेकर आमजन को बुग्यालों के संरक्षण और संवर्धन की दिशा में ठोस प्रयास करने होंगे। मेरा गाँव कुलिंग आज भूस्खलन के कारण नेस्तानाबूत हो गया है। ये सबकुछ हिमालय के साथ छेडखानी का नतीजा और प्रतिफल है।

वास्तव में देखा जाए तो रूपा देवी का बुग्यालों के प्रति असीम प्यार व बदरंग होते बुग्यालों की पीड़ा महसूस करना उन्हें अन्य लोगों से दूसरी कतार में खड़ा करता है। उम्र के इस पड़ाव पर 3,354 मीटर की ऊंचाई पर नंदा की वार्षिक लोकजात में रूपा देवी की बुग्याल बचाओ मुहिम को करीब से देखना बेहद सुखद लगा। आवश्यकता है तो हमें रूपा देवी के व्यक्तित्व से सीख लेनी की।

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  16. AnthonyEnvem 1 month ago
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  22. HenryKes 1 month ago
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    These three figures — William Rick Singer, Mark Riddell and Rudolph Meredith, respectively — are at the center of the nationwide scandal in which 33 parents are accused of using their wealth and means to help their children game the college admissions system.
    But those three names do not appear anywhere in the complaint text, though the document gives enough clues to make clear who is who. Instead, they are named as Cooperating Witness 1, 2 and 3, and each agreed to plead guilty and to cooperate with the government in the hope of obtaining leniency when they are sentenced, the complaint says.

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  24. Franktraws 1 month ago
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    Trump was surrounded at Friday’s event by officials from Customs and Border Protection as well as surviving family members of those who have loved ones killed by undocumented immigrants. Attorney General William Barr was also at the President’s veto event.
    While some lawmakers including some Republicans — have argued against the President’s use of national emergency powers in this instance, the Justice Department set forth a robust defense of the President’s authority to do so in a letter to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell earlier this month, according to a copy obtained by CNN on Friday.
    “The President acted well within his discretion in declaring a national emergency concerning the southern border,” wrote Assistant Attorney General Stephen Boyd, setting out the legal basis for the proclamation under the National Emergencies Act and additional statutory authorities, which largely tracks an internal memo issued by the Office of Legal Counsel at the Justice Department.

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    Christina was born in the royal castle Tre Kronor on 18 December S. 8 December] 1626. Her parents were the Swedish king Gustavus Adolphus and his German wife, Maria Eleonora, had already had two daughters—a stillborn princess in 1620, and then the first Princess Christina, who was born in 1623 and died the following year.3] Excited expectation surrounded Maria Eleonora’s third pregnancy in 1626. When the baby was born, it was first thought to be a boy as it was “hairy” and screamed “with a strong, hoarse voice.”she later wrote in her autobiography that, “Deep embarrassment spread among the women when they discovered their mistake.” The king, though, was very happy, stating, “She’ll be clever, she has made fools of us all!”6] From most accounts, Gustav Adolf appears to have been closely attached to his daughter, and she appears to have admired him greatly.

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  28. HerbertToste 2 weeks ago
    Reply

    Despite residing in Germany for nearly 30 years, there are still some things I cannot wrap my mind around. I may have married a German, pay German taxes, and have German(-American) children, but I guess my US mentality still shines through.

    Like when it comes to personal space. I’ll be standing in the supermarket, in front of a shelf full of products, deliberating over the selection, and inevitably a hand will slip itself in front of my face and grab an item from the row. Many Germans seem to not have any qualms about this at all, but it still takes me aback sometimes.

  29. HerbertToste 2 weeks ago
    Reply

    Despite residing in Germany for nearly 30 years, there are still some things I cannot wrap my mind around. I may have married a German, pay German taxes, and have German(-American) children, but I guess my US mentality still shines through.

    Like when it comes to personal space. I’ll be standing in the supermarket, in front of a shelf full of products, deliberating over the selection, and inevitably a hand will slip itself in front of my face and grab an item from the row. Many Germans seem to not have any qualms about this at all, but it still takes me aback sometimes.

  30. EdwardErype 2 weeks ago
    Reply

    French President Emmanuel Macron has appointed a panel of experts to investigate France’s actions during the Rwandan genocide 25 years ago on April 7.

    Macron has also met representatives of a group of survivors in. Paris

  31. EdwardErype 2 weeks ago
    Reply

    French President Emmanuel Macron has appointed a panel of experts to investigate France’s actions during the Rwandan genocide 25 years ago on April 7.

    Macron has also met representatives of a group of survivors in. Paris

  32. CharlesArona 2 weeks ago
    Reply

    Rai News: il primo canale all news italiano. Scopri le ultime notizie in tempo reale. News e aggiornamenti su politica, cronaca, esteri, economia, sport e attualita.

  33. CharlesArona 2 weeks ago
    Reply

    Rai News: il primo canale all news italiano. Scopri le ultime notizie in tempo reale. News e aggiornamenti su politica, cronaca, esteri, economia, sport e attualita.

  34. Rickynut 1 week ago
    Reply

    The Portuguese road Prevention agency (PRP) has this week called for more and improved traffic stops in Portugal. The agency has also deemed current actions by law enforcement officials as ineffective in dealing with the majority of serious traffic offences.

  35. Rickynut 1 week ago
    Reply

    The Portuguese road Prevention agency (PRP) has this week called for more and improved traffic stops in Portugal. The agency has also deemed current actions by law enforcement officials as ineffective in dealing with the majority of serious traffic offences.

  36. PhillipFem 7 days ago
    Reply

    xxx

  37. BarryPauts 4 days ago
    Reply

    The series of conversations with the Warsaw Ghetto survivors was conducted to commemorate the 76 th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising that falls on the 19th of April.

  38. BarryPauts 3 days ago
    Reply

    The series of conversations with the Warsaw Ghetto survivors was conducted to commemorate the 76 th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising that falls on the 19th of April.

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